Tineke Lambooy, Iman Prihandono, Nurul Barizah*
Theme: Difficulties in imposing Indonesian environmental and mining legislation upon foreign investors contribute to a declining support for the special legal regime instated by bilateral investment treaties as the Indonesian government has to fulfil its constitutional task to realize sustainable development and social justice.
ndonesia has a fast growing population (>250 million) and is the fourth most populous country in the world (after China, India, and the US). Indonesia ranks 15th in the world when it comes to land mass. Indonesia occupies position 15 on the list of carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy.1 Annual economic growth is high: 5.76% on average during the 2012-2014 time period,2 thereby outperforming its regional neighbours during the global financial crisis. Despite the steady growth figures, the government still struggles with many topics such as reducing poverty and unemployment, putting an end to the unequal resource distribution among regions, and halting corruption.3