The Role of Forensic Medicine in Revealing Facts After the Kanjuruhan Tragedy

The Malang Kanjuruhan tragedy is the bloodiest event in the history of football in Indonesia which resulted in more than 130 lives lost and more than 500 people injured. The large number of victims that fell indeed raises various questions. One of them is what is the leading cause of the many deaths in the tragedy. This makes dr. Nabil Bahasuan, SpFM., S.H., M.H., as Chair of the East Java Indonesian Association of Forensic Doctors (PDFI) was also present to explain the Kanjuruhan Malang Tragedy Review Forum Group Discussion activity, which was held on Wednesday, December 7, 2022, at the Faculty of Law, Airlangga University. The FGD was organized by the Airlangga Center for Legal Drafting and Professional Development, Faculty of Law, Airlangga University (ALC FH UNAIR) in collaboration with the Center for Anti Corruption and Criminal Policy Studies (CACCP FH UNAIR) and the Criminal Law Department, Faculty of Law, Universitas Airlangga (FH UNAIR).

 

Through this opportunity, he tried to explain forensic medical science in an easy-to-understand way so that all participants would understand, including the victims’ families and media crew. Transparency is, of course, needed to make everyone clear and comprehend because the victims’ families need to know the facts. Based on his knowledge, oxygen deficiency can lead to asphyxia in the form of impaired air exchange resulting in hypoxia and hypercapnia. This condition indeed results in a decrease in consciousness and even threatens life. There are at least three causes of asphyxia, namely due to disease, due to mechanical trauma (blunt object impact), and due to poisoning. The meaning of the direct object is, of course, an object that does not have sharp edges is consistently hard and has a smooth/rough surface so that it results in the appearance of traumatological symptoms in the form of wounds.

 

He also explained the role of a forensic doctor who is always related to the law to uncover facts. The results of the forensic doctor’s examination, which are usually included in the visum et repertum are complete evidence in the form of letters, or if presented, they will become experts according to the provisions of Article 184 of the Criminal Procedure Code (KUHAP). Visum et repertum can only be used for law enforcement proceedings and submitted as expert testimony in court. Forensic medical and medicolegal services have also been regulated in Article 133 of the Criminal Procedure Code. A code of ethics binds Doctors at work to behave professionally and independently. Therefore, doctors always try to carry out their duties, and forensic doctors only work according to the samples provided.

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